How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is certainly one of the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots back to these prehistoric days when someone grabbed a digging instrument and started burrowing into the ground. In the numerous millennia since, mining has grown into one of many world’s most necessary and widespread commercial enterprises, with operations unfold across the globe while tasked with recovering an virtually inexhaustible listing of useful commodities.
In truth, in accordance with the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined products had been recovered in 2018, up from eleven.3 billion metric tons in 2000 and almost double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian countries accounted for fifty eight p.c of the 2018 manufacturing, with North America second at 15.1 p.c, followed by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.eight percent), Latin America (6.three percent), and Africa (5.3 percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) were the most prolific producers, with their complete 51.1 percent of manufacturing more than the rest of the world mixed.
This implies that the mining business is a powerful one, with strong development expected to proceed within the coming years in lots of regions of the world. It additionally signifies that mining operations will proceed to rely on pumping applied sciences that supply sturdy, dependable, and protected service in a selection of critical liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why positive displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps may be your finest option for a lot of of these applications.
While mining may seem like nothing more than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy equipment or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to access from above—there are, in reality, many advanced and typically delicate operations that have to be carried out correctly if the mining operation is to perform at its highest degree of effectivity.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping expertise that can operate reliably in harsh and distant areas, even when submerged, or when tasked with dealing with particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive merchandise, and also one which is prepared to be maintained and repaired in order that downtime is lessened. The pumps must also be gentle enough to be manually moved from location to location throughout the mine itself.
For a few years, a popular selection to be used in these circumstances was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are in a position to create the high flow rates which might be required, they’ve a quantity of operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining functions: an lack of ability to self-prime or run dry; special seals wanted to forestall leaks; special linings needed to handle solids; high motor speeds of as a lot as 1,800 rpm; and comparatively high maintenance necessities and costs, particularly when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another well-liked selection has been the progressive cavity pump, but, like centrifugal pumps, they’ve a number of operational shortcomings. These embrace an inability to persistently handle liquids with excessive levels of abrasives, which finally ends up in elevated upkeep costs, put on on expensive stators and rotors that can eventually must be replaced, and total greater buy, operating, and repair/replacement costs.
Here are some of the particular liquid-transfer operations that take place in a mine and the ways in which some pump applied sciences can fall brief in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing excess produced water from the mine is a crucial 24/7/365 operation and the water that’s recovered is usually filled with particulates that can be as giant as 0.12 to zero.sixteen inches in measurement. If used in this utility, centrifugal pumps require particular supplies of building, which may be price prohibitive, to protect towards impeller put on brought on by the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are also not dry-run capable, which adversely impacts their level of efficiency in this software.
General service: For widespread liquid-handling applications, you need an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip strains, function at low speeds while nonetheless delivering excessive circulate rates, and be straightforward to maintain up and repair. Centrifugal pumps merely do not possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted parts of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This sometimes calls for a necessity to use special mechanical seals, which may result in exorbitant maintenance, restore, and alternative prices.
Press filter: Press filters are used to wash the liquids which are produced within the mines and, again, centrifugal pumps can fall quick in this software because the solid-laden liquid can damage the pump’s internals unless special, dearer materials of construction or linings are used. Also, the nature of press-filter operation creates a robust discharge-pressure variation that may drive the centrifugal pump to function away from its greatest effectivity level (BEP), resulting in excessive vibration and radial masses that may lead to shortened service life. A resolution to that is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, however these are costly and might negatively have an effect on the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product transfer: This comes in all forms in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vans with new and used oil for the heavy machinery, contemporary and fouled water, and any chemical compounds that are required. In every instance, there could be the danger that the pump shall be forced to run dry because the truck or storage vessel is emptied, while discharge-pressure variation also can generate high vibration and radial hundreds. As beforehand illustrated, centrifugal pumps can not run dry, so that they need safety from this condition or the addition of particular seals. However, all of those upgrades nonetheless can not completely defend towards a catastrophic failure.
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have proven to not be the simplest resolution in lots of liquid-handling purposes in mining, one pump know-how that has confirmed to be an optimum alternative is AODD—in phrases of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and maintenance, and security for mining personnel and the environment.
AODD pumps are capable of carry out successfully in mining purposes as a outcome of their technique of operation allows them to simply handle variable flow charges and pressures, whereas being dry-run and line-stripping capable, and nimble sufficient to transfer liquids which might be shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, in addition to slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and other particulates.
The simple design of the AODD pump features few shifting components and comparably lower speeds than other pump technologies, which improves reliability and simplifies upkeep, while the pump’s seal-less building results in fewer leaks, which is a crucial consideration when handling the many hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids that are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps are available in each metallic (most generally aluminum, ductile iron and forged iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, whereas a huge selection of elastomers can be utilized within the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility issues.
A broad variety of AODD pump configurations provide operational flexibility that can additionally result in optimized efficiency at many ranges. The ability to function AODD pumps in a extensive range of functions, from primary general use to delicate chemical-handling processes, allows operators to more cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can be less expensive to function, particularly those models which might be outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most elementary, AODD pumps excel within the typical rugged and harsh operating conditions discovered in the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents along with corresponding downtime and restore prices.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping principle sixty-five years in the past, has been devoted to creating technologies that meet the wants of mining operations. Today, Wilden offers three AODD pump models which are built to excel in mining purposes, obtainable in ductile iron, forged iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar supplies of construction:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which characteristic a bolted configuration, have been built to be used in purposes that require the dealing with of liquids that includes large solids. The Brahma pumps have a singular top-inlet/bottom-discharge circulate orientation and flap valves that allow the passage of large solids with no threat that injury will happen on account of product entrapment or the settling of solids throughout the pump’s inside circulate paths. Brahma pumps are available in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to scale back air consumption by up to 60 percent. The T810 and T1510 fashions are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate range for the four Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures as a lot as 125 psi with solids-handling functionality starting from 2 to three inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps characteristic a clamped design with carrying handles for lightweight portability. Their design features massive internal clearances and flow-through paths for straightforward passage of large solids with no chance for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve assembly additional allows solids passage, while a polyurethane screen base at the inlet increases the pump’s durability. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) models are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps featuring the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most strong ADS design for the hardest environments. Flow charges amongst the six models range from 57 gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures as much as a hundred twenty five psi. Solids sizes that can be dealt with vary from half of to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps feature clamped or bolted configuration. Their design features completely different chamber supplies, including metal and plastics, even Kynar, which is capable of dealing with high ranges of abrasive materials. The Pro-Flo SHIFT can additionally be essentially the most efficient AODD pump available in the market, able to lowering up to 60 percent air consumption. This makes it the greatest choice for handling corrosive and abrasive products in mining processes. The pumps have a product range that goes from 1.5 to 3 inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
เกจวัดแรงดัน4นิ้วราคา of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are able to be outfitted with a massive selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a various array of supplies, similar to Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm range gives users the widest choice of diaphragms available on the market, all of that are able to offering extended mean time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with decreased maintenance, restore, and alternative costs.
All of those capabilities make AODD pumps the ideal selection for the aforementioned widespread liquid-handling purposes in mining: dewatering, general service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and daily product transfer.
In summary, Wilden AODD pumps are the most fitted choice for mining purposes because they provide considerable operational benefits, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead capability, along with elevated operational security and a reduction in maintenance/repair costs that may be incurred by pumps that aren’t designed to handle abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps additionally outperform other AODD technologies in other important ways: easy design with the bottom variety of elements for quicker, simpler, and safer repairs and the lowest variety of spare elements to inventory; latest improvements in materials of development that increase the pump’s MTBF; and improved efficiency by way of using the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which in the end leads to faster product switch with decrease air consumption. Wilden also continues to innovate via the event of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, each of which increase service life and safety whereas not compromising the handling of challenging liquids.
Fernando Meneses is the regional manager North Latin America for Wilden, a quantity one manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He may be reached at Wilden is a product brand of PSG®, a Dover company. PSG is comprised of several main pump companies, together with Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For extra data, go to or

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