Reed level sensor: Defining the measuring range flexibly

A float-based level sensor with a reed chain is really a widely used and comparatively economical solution for continuous level measurement in vessels. Users can define its measuring range flexibly within a given range. This article describes what should be taken into account.
With a reed-chain level sensor, the guide tube contains a defined number of reed contacts, based on the measuring range. They are combined to create a measuring chain. The contacts respond to the magnetic field of the float, which moves within the guide tube good liquid level.
Accuracy depends on the distance between the contacts
The accuracy of the energy-free level monitoring depends, subsequently, on the distance between your individual contacts: small it is, the more accurate the measurement. Each level sensor in WIKA?s RLT series, for instance, enables measuring ranges with contact distances between 3 and 24 mm. However, a reed chain cannot be stretched along the entire amount of the guide tube. Simply because there are ?dead bands? at both ends of the tube, i.e. sections that the float does not detect because of design constraints (see graphic).
The graph shows the way the maximum possible measuring range (M) having an air-handling series level sensor is defined: Guide tube length (L) minus dead band (T) and 100 % mark (X).
Maximum measuring range is not a must
The measuring range of a level sensor therefore lies between the two dead bands specified in the data sheet. Within this range, it might be freely defined. However, it is by no means essential to utilise the utmost possible measuring range in all applications. The precise adaptation of the number of contacts to the measuring task also offers an economic advantage: The reed chain is one of the priciest components in an even sensor.
Deadline ? Dry run monitoring
For dry run monitoring in an oil tank of a compressor, for example, only the lower area of the guide tube is necessary for the measurement. In cases like this, the upper measuring point of the application (100 % mark) is set correspondingly low. It marks the distance to the sealing face of the procedure connection. The measuring range is thus defined by the next equation:
Measuring range length M = guide tube length L ? dead band T ? 100 % mark X
Consequently, the measuring range for detecting a maximum level is determined starting from the sealing face. In this instance, the guide tube could be adapted to along the measuring range.
Note
More info on the RLT series level sensors can be found on the WIKA website. When you have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
Also read our articles
Level sensors ? the agony of preference
What do dead bands mean with a float switch?
There are also out more about float-based level measurement utilizing a reed chain in the next video:

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