Pt100 in class B or F 0.3 ? what does IEC 60751 say?

Perhaps you?ve already pointed out that occasionally a Pt100 is specified with an accuracy class B or perhaps a. At other times, it has the class F 0.3 or F 0.15. This blog post talks about the specifications for Pt100 in the international IEC 60751 standard and explains the difference in accuracy classes.
Characteristics of a Pt100
The corrosion-resistant, platinum ?platinum? includes a high long-term stability. Furthermore, a Pt100 includes a high reproducibility and a low non-linearity. Other very useful properties are a very good thermal shock resistance and high measurement accuracy. Last but not least, the wide temperature range which might be realised with a Pt100 makes it the most frequently used measuring aspect in industrial temperature measurement.
Meaning of the international IEC 60751 standard
For industry, standards have become important. They ensure that products possess a constant, traceable quality. In case a product is stated in accordance with international standards, all market participants can be confident that the characteristics described within it are met. Thus, a Pt100 relative to IEC 60751 always has the same base resistance values and also a defined tolerance curve. This enables the user, for instance, to replace a defective thermometer with a new one, without needing to readjust the control loop. Likewise, one controller can simply be exchanged for another, provided the latter includes a Pt100 input.
Differentiation between measuring resistor and thermometer
Fig. left: Pt100 in thin-film design
Fig. centre: Pt100, wire-wound, glass measuring resistor
Fig. right: Pt100, wire-wound, ceramic measuring resistor
With the revision of IEC 60751 in 2008, new accuracy classes and measuring ranges for Pt100s were introduced. Thus the typical differentiated between measuring resistors and resistance thermometers for the very first time. A measuring resistor consists of a platinum wire (wire-wound measuring resistor) or perhaps a platinum film (film measuring resistor) and is designed for installation in resistance thermometers. A resistance thermometer (c), alternatively, by definition consists of:
exactly the same measuring resistor (a or b), installed in protective components
internal connecting wires and external terminals for connection to electrical measuring instruments
Mounting elements, connecting cables (d) or connection heads, depending on thermometer version.
Comparison: Measuring resistor (a = wire-wound, b = film resistor) and resistance thermometer (c)
Development history for the IEC 60751 standard
IEC 60751 originally only recognised classes A and B for Pt100s. It didn’t differentiate between measuring resistors and thermometers. There was also no differentiation in the measuring resistances between wire-wound and film measuring resistances. Set off by complaints from their customers, the thermometer manufacturers (independently of each other) measured the accuracy of their own and third-party instruments. The result: Thermometers with film measuring resistors show a different behaviour at higher temperatures than described in the typical. The standards committee took this into consideration in the revision of IEC 60751. The accuracy classes A and B for resistance thermometers were retained. Classes AA and C were added. The addition taken care of immediately customer demand for more accurate thermometers (class AA) and takes into account the greater inaccuracy of film measuring resistors at temperatures above 500 �C (class C).
Bases and outcomes of the revision of the IEC 60751 standard
For the measuring resistors themselves, the standards committee has consequently introduced new classes. Tests have shown that a measuring resistor behaves differently under laboratory conditions than a measuring resistor installed in a thermometer. This behaviour affects the range of validity and the tolerance value. Thus it could happen a measuring resistor originally has class A ? the thermometer in which it really is installed, however, includes a different validity range. Also the tolerance value can thus be altered. To carry out justice to the fact, a separate table for measuring resistances was created. The differences in the temperature ranges between a wire-wound Pt100 and a Pt100 in thin-film design (film measuring resistor) are considered. Wire-wound Pt100?s can be found in classes W 0.1 / W 0.15 / W 0.3 / W 0.6 (W for ?wire wound?). Film measuring resistors correspond to the classes F 0.1 ? F 0.6 (F for ?thin film?).
Measuring resistors
Wire-wound measuring resistors
Film measuring resistors
Tolerance value
[�C]
Class
Range of validity
[�C]
Class
Range of validity
[�C]
W 0.1
-100 ? + 350
F 0.1
0 ? +150
+/- (0.1 + 0,0017 * t)
W 0.15
-100 ? +450
F 0.15
-30 ? +300
+/- (0.15 + 0,002 * t)
W 0.3
-196 ? +660
F 0.3
-50 ? +500
+/- (0.3 + 0,005 * t)
W 0.6
-196 ? +660
F 0.6
-50 ? +600
+/- (0.6 + 0,01 * t)
Table 1: Accuracy classes and temperature ranges for Pt100 ? Measuring resistors in accordance with IEC 60751
Thermometers
Wire-wound measuring resistors
Film measuring resistors
Tolerance value
[�C]
Class
Range of validity
[�C]
Class
Range of validity
[�C]
AA
-50 ? +250
AA
0 ? +150
+/- (0.1 + 0,0017 * t)
A
-100 ? +450
A
-30 ? +300
+/- (0.15 + 0,002 * t)
B
-196 ? +600
B
-50 ? +500
+/- (0.3 + 0,005 * t)
C
-196 ? +600
C
-50 ? +600
+/- (0.6 + 0,01 * t)
Table 2: Accuracy classes and temperature ranges for Pt100 thermometers in accordance with IEC 60751
Differences between wire-wound and film measuring resistors
Apart from the temperature ranges, there are further differences in both Pt100 versions. The most important is the design. A wire-wound measuring resistor is considerably bigger than a Pt100 in thin-film design. Very short insertion lengths, which are generally necessary in machine building, can only be performed practically with a film measuring resistor. The low mass of the film measuring resistor leads to a shorter response time of the thermometer. Also, the vibration resistance is therefore much better than with a thermometer with a wire-wound Pt100.
Meaning of the measuring resistor type
The thermometer marking relative to IEC 60751 will not specify the type of measuring resistor. Normally, this is of no concern to an individual given that the specifications necessary for the application are met. However, due to the different advantages of both types, it may be helpful in individual cases to learn the sort installed. Thus, for instance, a thermometer with a film measuring resistor could be fitted even where it is only immersed several millimetres into the medium. Whereas, with a wire-wound resistor ? simply because of its length ? a measuring error can occur because the measuring element may not be in a position to be fully immersed in the medium.
EExchange of experience
Film measuring resistors are the standard design in WIKA thermometers, unless the temperature range or an explicit customer request exclude them. What are your experiences with resistance thermometers? Which tolerance specification do you prefer and why? You are invited to utilize the comment function or write if you ask me.
Note
You can get further information on resistance thermometers on the WIKA website or in the video: How does a resistance thermometer work? Inside our Technical Information ?Operating Indulgent and tolerances of platinum resistance thermometers per EN 60751? you can find further information on the differences between wire-wound and film measuring resistors.
Also read our articles
Pt100 in 2-, 3- or 4-wire connection?
Pt100, Pt1000 or NTC ? which sensor may be the right one?

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